Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) and a related condition Olfactory Reference Syndrome (ORS) have been debated for over a century regarding their nosology and treatment. Recent reviews suggest a variable response to various pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. The effects of EMDR on such cases have not yet been sufficiently explored. Here we present 18 cases of both these conditions with a high success rate using EMDR. We explore the relationship between them and offer a hypothesis to explain the aetiology based on the Adaptive Information Processing Model (AIP). Key words: body dysmorphic disorder; olfactory reference syndrome: EMDR; AIP model.
Therese McGoldrick is head of Behavioural Psychotherapy with NHS Forth Valley in Central Scotland and an honorary senior research fellow at the University of Stirling. She is an EMDR Europe consultant and EMDR Institute Approved facilitator, a previous member of the EMDR UK and Ireland Board and current member of the editorial board of the EMDR Journal of Practice and Research. She has a keen interest in research and has co-authored a number of papers published in peer reviewed journals and in 2003 received the EMDRIA award for outstanding contribution to research in EMDR. She has presented at national and international conferences on her work and has also been part of humanitarian assistance programmes in Bangladesh and Turkey.
Dr Millia Begum is a consultant psychiatrist with NHS Lanarkshire in Central Scotland. She has a keen interest in research and has co-authored a number of papers published in peer reviewed journals, most recently a systematic world review of Olfactory Reference Syndrome with Professor Peter McKenna. She has also been involved in research into PTSD and has a particular interest in complex trauma. She has developed an EMDR trauma service in her health authority and is currently working towards EMDR Europe consultant status. Her most recent project is a joint venture with Scottish and Spanish colleagues to examine brain changes in PTSD and related conditions.